Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, “Kibo”, “Mawenzi”, and “Shira”, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa, about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) from its base to 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level. The first people known to have reached the summit of the mountain were Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889. The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination. The mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields.There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend and descend Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Mweka, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. Of all the routes, Machame is widely proclaimed as the most scenic, albeit steeper, route. This was true until the opening of Lemosho and Northern Circuit routes, which are equally scenic if not more. The Machame route can be done in six or seven days, Lemosho can be done in six to eight days, and the Northern Circuit routes can be done in seven or more days.
Mount Meru is a volcano which rises just 44 miles west of Kilimanjaro. Though comparatively small, Meru is equally spectacular, with slopes that rise up at incredibly steep angles. It is partially shattered, as its east face was blasted away during an eruption at some point in its past. Though Meru’s summit is rocky and barren, its slopes are highly fertile, with many streams and thick forests. Located in Arusha National Park, Meru and its surrounding terrain is home to a large population of animals, including elephants and lions.